Prevention and Early Detection

ACS CAN advocates for public policies that can prevent nearly half of all cancer deaths by ensuring access to recommended cancer screenings, protecting the public from skin cancer risk, reducing tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke and supporting people in increasing physical activity, eating a healthy diet, and managing their weight.

Prevention and Early Detection Resources:

Current federal law provides life-saving coverage of cancer prevention and early detection services and programs.  These provisions are crucial to reducing the incidence and impact of cancer in the United States.  They are also crucial in helping cancer survivors remain cancer-free and lead healthy lives.

The American Cancer Society and the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network provided comments on the Draft Recommendation Statement: Aspirin to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer.

Prevention and the Health Care Law

Every day, almost 1,600 people in America die from cancer. About half of all cancer deaths could be prevented by applying proven prevention and early detection strategies.

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is an independent panel of experts charged with reviewing the scientific evidence for clinical preventive services and developing evidence-based recommendations about their delivery.

Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. In 2013, more than 580,000 people will die of cancer, and more than 1.66 million people are expected to be diagnosed.

This Action Cancer Society Cancer Action Network report serves as a guide to the cross-cutting approaches that communities are taking to improve the health and well-being of their residents with grants from the federal Prevention and Public Health Fund.

Tobacco Resources:

For the past 20 years – since the states settled their lawsuits against the major tobacco companies in November 1998 – we have issued annual reports assessing how well the states have kept their promise to use a significant portion of their settlement funds to combat tobacco use in the United Sta

The use of tobacco products remains the nation’s number one cause of preventable death, killing more than 480,000 Americans each year. That is why the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network (ACS CAN) and the American Cancer Society (ACS) have long been engaged in the fight against tobacco.

Cigarette smoking is responsible for about one-third of all cancer deaths in the nation overall. A new study from the American Cancer Society provides state-level estimates of the number of adult deaths from smoking in 2014.

January 2014 marked the 50th anniversary of the landmark Surgeon General’s Report linking smoking to lung cancer.

The Health Consequences of Smoking – 50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General calls for an integrated national tobacco control strategy of expanded implementation of tobacco control measures and new “end game” strategies to meet the vision of a society free of tobacco-related death and disease. 

Tanning and Sun Safety Resources:

Despite reputable scientific studies showing that tanning devices can cause skin cancer, misconceptions about the risks and dangers of indoor tanning persist. This is due, in part, to misleading advertising and health claims by the tanning industry. This fact sheet debunks many of the most egregious industry claims about indoor tanning.

The American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network (ACS CAN) advocates for public policies that will help reduce the risk of skin cancer associated with the use of indoor tanning devices.

Skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States, and rates have been rising for the past 30 years.This factsheet discusses the types of skin cancer, risk factors for the disease, and how it can be prevented.  

The greatest avoidable known risk factor for skin cancer is the use of indoor tanning devices. Yet, each year, approximately nine million Americans engage in indoor tanning.The desire for a tanned appearance causes many people, especially young adults and teenagers, to ignore the serious risks and health warnings and use indoor tanning devices.

ACS CAN comments on the FDA proposed rule amending the technical and labeling requirements for sunlamp manufacturers and tanning facilities.

Screening Resources:

An estimated 145,000 men and women will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer in 2019 and 51,000 individuals are estimated to die from the disease. Without a continued, dedicated federal investment in colorectal cancer prevention and early detection, the U.S. could experience a reduction in screening leading to increases in completely preventable colorectal cancer cases and deaths. This factsheet discusses the importance of continued funding for the Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP).

NBCCEDP – a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) program – provides low-income, uninsured, and underinsured women access to breast and cervical cancer screenings and diagnostic services. Ensuring adequate funding for the NBCCEDP will preserve a critical safety net for American women who continue to lack access to lifesaving screening, diagnostic, and treatment services for breast and cervical cancers.

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women and the second leading cause of cancer death in men and women combined in the United States. Yet, more than 1 in 3 adults age 50 and older are not getting tested as recommended. This factsheet discusses the importance of screening for colorectal cancer and what can be done to improve screening in the U.S.

 

This factsheet discusses risk factors for breast cancer and the importance of screening in the U.S.

If detected early, cervical cancer is one of the most successfully treatable cancers. Incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer have declined by over 50 percent in the past 50 years, largely due to improved screening and early detection. However, the rate of decline has slowed in recent years. Efforts to reduce barriers to screening could greatly improve cervical cancer screening rates, particularly for disparate populations.

Colorectal cancer is unique in that a person can be spared a cancer diagnosis if a polyp is found early and removed during the screening process. Right now, Medicare beneficiaries face a surprise bill when they wake up from a cancer screening that could save their life, thinking it was free. That's why it's so important to remove barriers to screening to ensure that all Americans have access.  

Testimony Submitted to the Senate Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs, for Fiscal Year 2018 in support of a proposed statutory proviso that would encourage the Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to take steps toward eliminating cervical cancer deaths worldwide.

Testimony Submitted to the House Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs, For Fiscal Year 2018 in support of a proposed statutory proviso that would encourage the Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to take steps toward eliminating cervical cancer deaths worldwide.

This factsheet provides information on the impact of cervical cancer around the world.

Cancer and the Environment Resources:

Radon is an odorless, tasteless gas that is released as a byproduct of decay of naturally occurring elements such as uranium, thorium, and radium in rocks and soils. After the parent element decays, the radon travels by pressure-driven air flow and diffuses into above-ground air.

American Cancer Society provides its perspectives on environmental factors and cancer in this journal article.

ACS CAN established specific goals for public policies on chemical management and regulation in order to minimize cancer risk, while balancing the practical reality that risk can never be completely eliminated from either manufactured substances or the natural environment

Healthy Eating and Active Living Resources:

The American Cancer Society (ACS) and the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network (ACS CAN) respectfully submit the following comments on the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) comprehensive, multi-year Nutrition Innovation Strategy.  

Excess body weight, physical inactivity, and poor nutrition are major risk factors for cancer, second only to tobacco use. Approximately one fifth of the estimated 1.7 million cancer cases expected to be diagnosed this year can be attributed to poor diet, physical inactivity, excess weight, and excess alcohol consumption1

For the majority of Americans who do not use tobacco products, weight management, good nutrition, and physical activity are the greatest modifiable determinants of cancer risk1.

The American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network provided comments to  the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. General Services Administration on their Health and Sustainability Guidelines for Federal Consessions and Vending Operations.